Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active, graceful, well-balanced toy spaniel, very gay and free in action; fearless and sporting in character, yet at the same time gentle and affectionate. It is this typical gay temperament, combined with true elegance and royal appearance which are of paramount importance in the breed. Natural appearance with no trimming, sculpting or artificial alteration is essential to breed type.
Like all animals, Cavaliers are susceptible to a number of genetic conditions. These include juvenile cataracts and cardiac mitral valve disease (MVD). However, remember that nature is not infallible, and as your Cavalier ages he may be subject to certain health concerns. Any heart murmur detected by your veterinarian warrants further investigation to rule out any potentially serious condition. Any clouding of the lens of the eye, or irritation, may warrant medication and treatment.
Juvenile cataracts (an inheritable form) and ʺdry eyeʺ are known to afflict the breed on occasion. Slipping patellas (a bone in the knee) can occasionally be a problem that is correctable with surgery. As with most mammals, the Cavalier is not immune to cancers in various forms. Do keep your veterinarian posted on any sudden change in your Cavalier's appearance or demeanor. Often, the grooming session is a time when you as an alert owner can detect lumps or bumps that should not be there. Your own vigilance is often your Cavalier's best defense against disease.
Cavaliers may comes from aristocracy, but they’re more than willing to descend their royal high horse to romp around a yard and chase moving animals and objects. They get along well with children and other dogs and can be a bit quiet. Cavaliers do equally well with active types and homebodies—they can be loyal hiking partners or shameless couch potatoes, depending on the owner’s personality—as long as they get a satisfying walk each day.