The Canaan Dog is a pariah dog type that is naturally alert, inquisitive and watchful. He is mistrustful of strangers and unfamiliar environments, yet loyal and loving with his family. A square dog of medium size, moderate and balanced without extremes, showing a clean outline. The moderately angulated Canaan Dog moves with athletic agility and grace in an efficient, ground-covering endurance trot. He has a wedge-shaped head with low-set erect ears, a high set brush tail that curls over the back when confident, and a straight, harsh, flat-lying double coat. There is a marked distinction between the sexes.
Like all breeds there may be some health issues, like hip or elbow dysplasia and patellar luxation. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Canaan Dogs are healthy dogs.
Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Canaan Dog can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.
Wonderfully sensitive, affectionate, and responsive Cannan Dogs make devoted family companions. He learns quickly but can be a challenge to train because of his independent character and disdain for repetition. While the Canaan Dog is highly territorial, the breed is docile with his family, yet reserved and aloof with strangers. He may be very vocal at times. This breed will need regular exercise, but because they are intelligent, they are also easily trained. Training for dog sports provides an ideal outlet for their energy.